Wednesday, 21 November 2012

Qualities of a Jijnaasu


1.       Involved in self-experienced subject matters.

2.       Continuous research, involved in the welfare of world.

3.       “Aparigrahaadi Vratapaalana” –  the vow to limit one's worldly possessions.                   

Five Main Vows of Limited Nature (Anuvratas):
           1. Non-violence - Ahimsa
           2. Truthfulness - Satya
           3. Non-stealing - Achaurya
           4. Chastity  - Bhramacharya
           5. Non-attachment - Aparigraha

      Three Merit Vows (Guna-vrats):
           6. Dik Vrata - Limited area of activity vow
           7. Bhoga-Upbhoga Vrata  - Limited use of consumable and non-consumable items vow
           8. Anartha-danda Vrata  - Avoidance of purposeless sins vow

      Four Disciplinary Vows (Siksha-vratas):
           9. Samayik Vrata                - Meditation vow of limited duration
           10. Desavakasika Vrata      - Activity vow of limiting space
           11. Pausadha Vrata             - Ascetic's life Vow of limited duration
           12. Atithi Samvibhaga Vrata - Limited charity vow
If he/she ever happens to earn more than the pre-determined limit, he/she is required to spend it away in ''Chaturvidha-Daana'', i.e., four-fold charities popularly known as 'Ahaara-abhaya-bhaishajya-Saastra-Dana', i.e., giving food to the hungry and the poor, saving the lives of creatures in danger, distribution of medicines and spread of knowledge.

4.       “Para-nindaa Kula-naasha” – Never blame others! If you do it will result in extinction of your whole family.

5.       Any topic has to be thoroughly analyzed and replied properly.

6.       Vision universal equivalence of all (Sarva Samaanataa Bhaava).

7.       Never hurt anyone.

8.       Respect all with the feeling that there is god in all.

9.       Quit enmity (Dwesha).

10.   Abandon jealousy (Asooya).

11.   Be sacrificial (Tyaaga).

12.  Cultivate peace (Shaanti), mercy (Dayaa), indulgence (Kshamaa), truth (Satya), knowledge (Jnaana), Dharma.

13.   Continual studious nature.

14.   Non-reacting to the knowledge or subject matters which are not in your limits.

15.   Adhering to any one Siddhaanta (Principle), Darshana (Philosophy), Dharma and Nyaaya (Justice).

16.   Respect the people who follow other Siddhaanta, Darshana, Dharma and Nyaayas.
Acquiring these 16 qualities will make a person a Jijnaasu. Then he/she can get a chance to become Brahma-Jnaani after which a Brahmana and the extreme achievement of Brahma-Vidhyaa Praakaara make him/her Brahmarshi also!

2 comments:

  1. 10.Desavakasika Vrata- Activity vow of limiting space
    11. Pausadha Vrata- Ascetic's life Vow of limited duration
    Namaste, are these non-Sanskrit/BrAhmi words? Limiting space, in what sense? Is it avoidance of big mansions for living or is it remaining in a given locality, restricting travel? How does "Pausadha" read as a word root, like bhoo-bhav-bhavati[sattaayaam, to mean exist/ence].

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    Replies
    1. Desavakasika Vrata - This vow sets the new limit within the limitations already set by Dik Vrata and Bhoga-Upbhoga Vrata. The general life long limitation of doing business in certain areas and the use of articles are further restricted for a particular days time of the week. This means that one shall not, during a certain period of time, do any activity, business, or travel beyond a certain city, street, house or have anything to do with the enjoyment of objects beyond that limit. This is some what related to Aasana in Astanga-Yoga. Aasana is the the area limit for one's transactions (Vyavahaara).

      Paushadha - Derived from "Push" verb means to nourish. Here the one which nourishes the spiritual aspect is Paushadha (Poshaha). During this time one should retire to a secluded place, renounce all sinful activities, abstain in seeking pleasure from all objects of the senses, observe due restraint of body, speech and mind.

      All these are basically Prakruta words. Even though some of these Vratas are now famous and followed in Jaina tradition, basically these and many more Vratas are from Vedas.

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